Miscarriage: Causes, Signs, and What to Expect


Learn why miscarriage happens, its warning signs, and what to do once it occurs.

What is a miscarriage?

Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion, or otherwise known as the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks, is the most common type of pregnancy loss. Statistics collected reflect only the number of miscarriages in confirmed pregnancies; experts believe the actual number is much higher. our in-house experts estimate that about 30 to 40 percent of all conceptions result in a pregnancy loss,This is because many women miscarry before they know they’re pregnant, or before it has been confirmed by a health-care provider.

What causes one?

Although naturally, an average Nigerian woman will wonder if she has miscarried because of something she did or didn’t do, it’s important not to blame yourself. Miscarriage is not caused by moderate exercise, sex, or a small daily cup of coffee. Most miscarriages are caused by genetic abnormalities in the fetus. Unfortunately, there is nothing that can be done to prevent miscarriages caused by genetic abnormalities.

However, not all miscarriages are caused by genetic abnormalities. If you have had a miscarriage, work with your gyn to determine the reason for your miscarriage,

Other risk factors include:

  • Abnormal drug use
  • Excess alcohol intake
  • Listeria, a bacteria that may be present in undercooked meats, raw eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products
  • Maternal trauma, such as a car accident
  • Hormonal or structural abnormalities in the mother (such as low progesterone levels or uterine fibroids)
  • Advanced maternal age (over 35)
  • Infections such as Lyme disease or Fifth disease
  • Chronic illnesses such as uncontrolled diabetes, lupus, or thyroid disease

What are some miscarriage symptoms?

Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy is fairly common, but it should never be considered normal, and it always warrants a call to your ob-gyn. Although the presence of Vaginal bleeding does not always indicate a miscarriage, it is a sign that something abnormal may be going on in the pregnancy, Even if everything looks normal, the fact that the patient’s had Vaginal bleeding will be kept in the back of our minds throughout her pregnancy.

Some women do not experience any symptoms of miscarriage at all; however, possible signs besides bleeding include:

  • Vaginal bleeding with or without cramps; this bleeding may occur very early in your pregnancy even before you miss your menstrual period and know that you are pregnant or it may occur later, after you know you are pregnant. This is the most common symptom.
  • Mild-to-severe lower back pain or abdominal pain or cramping, either constant or intermittent.
  • A blood-clot-like material, or a gush of clear or pink fluid that passes from the vagina.
  • Decrease in signs of pregnancy, such as loss of breast sensitivity or nausea or vomiting.

Is it possible to stop a miscarriage if symptoms are caught early enough?

Sadly, there’s no way to stop a miscarriage from happening once it’s started. According to our specialist, however, it is vital to be seen by your doctor and treated to prevent hemorrhaging and/or infection.









What happens during a miscarriage?

Depending on the medical situation, the physical process of losing a pregnancy can vary from person to person, Some women will start to have bleeding and cramping, which is caused by contractions that are working to expel the contents of the uterus, and may pass large blood clots and tissue. If it happens rapidly, the miscarriage is usually completed by the body without complications. In the case of a missed miscarriage (when a woman has no symptoms and her body has essentially “missed” the occurrence of fetal demise), a drug can be given to stimulate these contractions.

When can I try for another baby after a miscarriage?

Your doctor or midwife may recommend waiting a certain amount of time before trying to conceive again (if not, feel free to ask), although you may not feel ready to consider trying to conceive another baby for a while, and that’s more than okay.

What are my chances of miscarriage during my next pregnancy?

At least 85 percent of women who have suffered a miscarriage will go on to have a healthy, full-term pregnancy the second time around.

How Can I Prevent a Miscarriage?

A healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy may help. Here are some tips that may help prevent miscarriage:

  • Be sure to take at least 400 mg of folic acid every day, beginning at least one to two months before conception, if possible.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthy, well-balanced meals.
  • Manage stress.
  • Keep your weight within normal limits.
  • Don’t smoke and stay away from secondhand smoke.
  • Don’t drink alcohol or have more than one to two cups of a caffeinated beverage like coffee a day.
  • Avoid illicit drugs.
  • Make sure you are up to date on immunizations.

You can also help ensure a healthy baby by finding out about and treating any health conditions you have before you try to conceive. If, for example, you know a previous miscarriage was due to an autoimmune response or a hormonal imbalance, seek treatment for this underlying condition. Once you become pregnant, get early, comprehensive prenatal care to improve your chances of a healthy pregnancy.

The information on this Web site is designed for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for informed medical advice or care. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any health problems or illnesses without consulting your pediatrician or family doctor. Please consult a doctor with any questions or concerns you might have regarding your or your child’s condition.